Energy sovereignty is the right of conscious individuals, communities and indigenous peoples to make their own decisions on energy generation, distribution and consumption. An example: Residents of Te Urewera*, Marnie and Rowena Te Are built their home using local clay mixed with paper pulp. A micro-hydro turbine in a creek running a dozen metres from their back door provides electricity, and a solar heating unit meets the family’s hotwater needs. For Rowena, choosing such energy and construction solutions is ‘a way of honouring Tūhoe values of good stewardship and aroha for the environment…’, and for Marnie, ‘…self-determination includes not relying on the national grid for electricity or hot water.’

*Te Urewera is the traditional home of the Tūhoe people a Māori iwi ("tribe") of Aotearoa, New Zealand.

See Tuhoe: Portrait of a Nation, 2014, by Kennedy Warne and Peter Quinn.

See also: Re-communalisation; Re-municipalisation; Local Power.